In 2006, nearly 250 people die of Tuberculosis (TB) every day.
And over half a million new cases estimated to occur every year. The
implementation of TB control has decrease TB prevalence from 298/100.000
population in 2002 to 253/100.000 population in 2006 (WHO Global TB
Malaria remains a major vector-borne disease in large
parts of Indonesia
and large-scale outbreaks of dengue haemorrhagic fever are reported every
year. In April 2000 Roll back
malaria (Gerakan Gebrak
Malaria) was initiated. Malaria morbidity rate in Java and Bali decreasing from 0.62/1000 population in 2001 to
0.24/1000 population in 2003. Outside Java and Bali,
Malaria morbidity rate also decreasing from 26.20/1000 population in 2001
to 18.94/1000 population in 2005.
re-introduction and spread of poliomyelitis in several provinces, after a
period of 10 years, has pointed to weaknesses in the routine expanded
programme of immunization (EPI).
Leprosi has been eliminated at
national level, Indonesia
ranks third in terms of the global burden. Indonesia ranks third in
terms of the global burden and ranks second in terms of SEA Regional
burden, with case fatality rates in 2006 nearing 75%. The potential for
origination of a pandemic is real.Yaws: Indonesia
ranks first at the SEA Regional level in terms of Regional burden.
The HIV epidemic
directly affects the most productive members of the society - the young
people and wage earners. At the end of 2005, an
estimated 100,000 to 290,000 Indonesians were living with HIV-AIDS
(UNAIDS 2006). The number of HIV-infected intravenous drug users (IDUs) increased rapidly from 16% in 1999 to 43% in
2003 and 48.9 % in 2005. The primary
mode of HIV transmission is at present injecting drug use. The cumulative
HIV/AIDS reported cases up to September 2007 reached 16,288 cases,
consisting of 5,904 HIV infection cases and 10,384 AIDS cases with 2,287 of them died. In 2005, the cumulative
rate of AIDS per case per 100,000 population was 2, 65.