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Health Profile








         Communicable diseases continue to be the major cause of morbidity and mortality in Indonesia




*       In 2006, nearly 250 people die of Tuberculosis (TB) every day. And over half a million new cases estimated to occur every year. The implementation of TB control has decrease TB prevalence from 298/100.000 population in 2002 to 253/100.000 population in 2006 (WHO Global TB Report, 2008).


*       Malaria remains a major vector-borne disease in large parts of Indonesia and large-scale outbreaks of dengue haemorrhagic fever are reported every year.  In April 2000 Roll back malaria (Gerakan Gebrak Malaria) was initiated. Malaria morbidity rate in Java and Bali decreasing from 0.62/1000 population in 2001 to 0.24/1000 population in 2003. Outside Java and Bali, Malaria morbidity rate also decreasing from 26.20/1000 population in 2001 to 18.94/1000 population in 2005.


*       The re-introduction and spread of poliomyelitis in several provinces, after a period of 10 years, has pointed to weaknesses in the routine expanded programme of immunization (EPI).


*       Although Leprosi has been eliminated at national level, Indonesia ranks third in terms of the global burden. Indonesia ranks third in terms of the global burden and ranks second in terms of SEA Regional burden, with case fatality rates in 2006 nearing 75%. The potential for origination of a pandemic is real.Yaws: Indonesia ranks first at the SEA Regional level in terms of Regional burden.


*       The HIV epidemic directly affects the most productive members of the society - the young people   and   wage earners. At the end of 2005, an estimated 100,000 to 290,000 Indonesians were living with HIV-AIDS (UNAIDS 2006). The number of HIV-infected intravenous drug users (IDUs) increased rapidly from 16% in 1999 to 43% in 2003 and 48.9 % in 2005. The primary mode of HIV transmission is at present injecting drug use. The cumulative HIV/AIDS reported cases up to September 2007 reached 16,288 cases, consisting of 5,904 HIV infection cases and 10,384 AIDS cases   with 2,287 of   them died. In 2005, the cumulative rate of AIDS per case per 100,000 population was 2, 65.



Thus the burden of communicable diseases - and the possibility of emerging diseases with epidemic or pandemic potential - is a major concern in Indonesia. Responding effectively to these complex disease patterns and potential threats to health is likely to remain a major set of challenges for the country during the coming years.






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Health Profile

Ř  Mother & Child Health

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